1790 Project

The “1790 Project” is being organized by Rich Hayden, and began as an effort by genealogical groups in New England to document heads of households appearing in the first census of the United States. For specific details about the 1790 Project, please refer to http://www.americanancestors.org/western-ma-1790s-project/.
 
The time after the Revolutionary War were years of much family migration, especially in New England, producing many of those problem ancestors who seem to appear suddenly from nowhere and then disappear just as quickly to somewhere else. If brief biographies could be assembled for each of these individuals and their immediate families, the origins of these problem ancestors might be more easily identified.
 
In 1790, Allegheny County included territory from its current southern boundary north to Lake Erie. The NHG project will focus on the territory north of the Allegheny River. Only thirty-seven heads of household were enumerated in this vast expanse on the 1790 census! Much of this land included the “Depreciation Tract” set aside for Revolutionary War veterans.
 
NHG is undertaking the task of further identifying these families as its contribution to the ambitious and worthwhile 1790 Project. We invite our members and friends to inform us of any information that may be useful in further identifying these individuals and their families.
 
Some—such as James Robinson, Charles Palmer, Jacob Dixon (Dickson), James Sample (Semple), James McClelland, George Brickell, Benjamin Poor (Power), Esly Poor (Power), and Benjamin Coe—remained in the area and are fairly well known. Others—such as Peter Cutwright (Cartwright, Cortright, etc.) and Abraham Russ—were murdered by Indians only a year after the census. The remainder, however, left few footprints in Allegheny County. For these individuals your assistance is especially welcome.
 
The thirty-seven heads-of-household are listed here in order of their appearance in the 1790 census; alternate spellings are given where known. WM stands for white male and WF stands for white female. The >16 and <16 refer to men younger than and older than age 16.
 
1) Charles Conrad, 1 WM>16, 4 WF
2) Philip Bradley, 1 WM>16
3) Martin Keller, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 5 WF
4) John Brown, 1 WM>16, 4 WF
5) James Robinson, 1 WM>16, 3 WM<16, 3 WF
6) Charles Palmer, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 2 WF
7) Jacob Dixon (Dickson), 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 3 WF
8) Marcus Hulings, 1 WM>16, 6 WM<16, 3 WF
9) John Clevedence, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 3 WF
10) Charles Hammel, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 2 WF
11) James Sample (Semple), 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 3 WF
12) James McClelland, 2 WM>16, 2 WF
13) George Brickell, 2 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 2 WF
14) Edward Strutt, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 2 WF
15) Hugh McElwain, 1 WM>16, 4 WM<16, 1 WF
16) Charles Rector, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 3 WF
17) Samuel Murphey, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 1 WF
18) Joshua Clark, 1 WM>16, 3 WF
19) Luke Chapman, 2 WM>16, 2 WF
20) Benjamin Poor (Power), 2 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 4 WF
21) John Carmichael, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 2 WF
22) James Phillips, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 2 WF
23) James Poor (Power), 1 WM>16, 2 WF
24) Esly Poor (Power), 2 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 1 WF
25) Alexander Logan, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 2 WF
26) Benjamin Coe, 5 WM>16, 4 WM<16, 4 WF
27) Ezekiel Day, 1 WM>16, 4 WM<16, 2 WF
28) Daniel Howe, 1 WM>16, 4 WM<16, 2 WF
29) James Thornhill, 2 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 5 WF
30) Angus Wilkison, 1 WM>16, 3 WM<16, 1 WF
31) Samuel Hulings, 2 WM>16, 3 WF
32) Daniel Swainey (Sweeney), 1 WM>16, 5 WM<16, 4 WF
33) Elias Thomas, 1 WM>16, 1 WM<16, 6 WF
34) Peter Cutwright (Cartwright/ Cortright), 2 WM>16, 1 WF
35) Abraham Russ, 2 WM>16, 4 WF
36) John Leonard, 1 WM>16, 3 WM<16, 2 WF
37) Jacob Derry, 1 WM>16, 2 WM<16, 3 WF
 
If you can contribute any information about these heads of households for submission to the 1790 Project, please contact Rich Hayden at rahayden@verizon.net. Full names of spouses and children, dates of events, and prior and later residences would be especially helpful.